Techniques of physiotherapy in animals

Thermotherapy:
They are the Group of therapies that use heat to promote the restoration of injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
The Ultrasound continuum is the most used, increases the temperature of the tissue at the local level, has anti-inflammatory effect and desfibrosante can also use microwave, shortwave? several equestrian centers have rooms with infrared, infrared light heat effect is very superficial.
The Ultrasonic used in physical therapy may vary from 0.5 to 3 MHz depending on the depth to which we want to work; an ultrasound of 0.5-1 MHz can reach up to 8-12 cm. depth.
The issuance of Ultrasonic You can damage the tissues treaties if they are not used properly, can cause burns strong and irritate the periosteum that is a particularly sensitive structure to the ultrasonic beam. The Ultrasonic are they used to treat fibrosis, tendinitis, bursitis and Traumatic inflammation localized muscle injuries?

Electrical stimulation:
We can use stimulators muscle to work specific muscle groups, so if they are partially denervated or preserving integrates its function have lost ability to contractile and force for various reasons.

Current antiálgica:

There are different forms of wave that determine different currents with analgesic effect groups. We can distinguish between stimulating Russian currents, Traebert, faradic current, current flows or Interferential TENS (transcutaneus estimulation nerve stimulation) the most used today.
The mechanism of action varies depending on the parameters used: intensity, frequency and amplitude. We can act by stimulating the generation of endorphins at the level sitemico (up to 22% increase), either by the mechanism of Gate Control System. The current analgesic used in painful backs, contracturesmuscle or processes algicos of extremities.

Laser:
There are different types of lasers from low-intensity?Low Energy Laser Therapy LELT? Depending on the diode that produces the polarization of the light beam.
Currently follows the controversy by depth which reached the beam and physiological effects in tissues; do the healing effect and analgesic of the laser to determine its main applications: healing of wounds, tendon repair?

Recently has developed the high-intensity lasera new concept of laser which in this case is of type IV, hundreds of times more powerful than the low level laser and that has opened the door to new therapies for tendon and ligament repair.

Magnetic therapy:
The effectiveness of magnet therapy in soft tissues is questionable, yet used magnetic blankets to relax themuscles, prepare for competition, increase trophism?
The beneficial effect on osseous consolidation delays are much more evident in the scientific literature; problems of pseudarthrosis, decalcification or fractures that do not consolidate quickly in magnetic therapy have a good solution.

Cryotherapy:
The application of ice both acute and subacute and even chronic is one of the treatments most used by physical therapists for their enormous potential anti-inflammatory and hiperemiante.
Ice for 20-30 minutes every two hours any acute traumatic inflammatory process prevents formation of edema in the area. There are tools specific to apply the cryotherapy to dogs that you make very easy application.

Manual therapy:
Stretches and the massage are the classic tools of physiotherapists, reduce muscle tension, spasms, increase trophismdo muscle, reduce fatigue, injury muscle-tendon, help drain venous estasi or limfatico processes? they are some of the many indications of manual therapy.
The indication of exercises, hydrotherapy or Thalassotherapy (swimming in the sea), the use of weights, bandages? other examples of therapeutic techniques used by physiotherapists.


List of diseases more common in physiotherapy and rehabilitation, canine and feline.

The pathologies most common musculoskeletal that can be treated with physiotherapy and rehabilitation in young patients, adults and elderly people are:
  

1. In spine:

  • Fractures

  • Listesis

  • Considerably

  • Disc Protrucion

  • Paresis

  • Paralysis

  • Tetraplegia

  • Tumbler syndrome

  • Cauda equina syndrome

2- Former member:

Shoulder:

  • Dislocation

  • Osteochondritis dissecans of the humerus

  • Bicipital tenosynovitis

  • Arthrosis

  • Peripheral neurological lesions

Elbow:

  • Process anconeus

  • Coronoid process

  • Dislocation

  • Osteochondritis

  • Arthrosis

Carpus:

  • Traumatic injuries

  • Carpal hyperextension

  • Ligament injuries


3- In hindlimb:

Hip:

  • Pelvic osteotomy

  • Head and femoral neck osteotomy

  • Reduction of hip luxation

  • Hip replacement

  • Hip Dysplasia

  • Osteoarthrosis

  • Peripheral neurological lesions (sciatic)

Knee:

  • Cruciate ligaments

  • Patellar luxation

  • Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee

  • Arthrosis


Tarsus:

  • Fractures

  • Dislocations



4- In general:

  • Muscle tears

  • Tendon and ligament injuries

  • Pathological fractures

  • Wound healing

  • Spondylosis

  • Joint diseases

  • Osteosynthesis

  • Considerably.

 

Antoni Ramon Boixaderas
Animal physiotherapist
Technical Director of canine orthopedics?

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