Techniques of physiotherapy in animals
They are the Group of therapies that use heat to promote the restoration of injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
The Ultrasound continuum is the most used, increases the temperature of the tissue at the local level, has anti-inflammatory effect and desfibrosante can also use microwave, shortwave? several equestrian centers have rooms with infrared, infrared light heat effect is very superficial.
The Ultrasonic used in physical therapy may vary from 0.5 to 3 MHz depending on the depth to which we want to work; an ultrasound of 0.5-1 MHz can reach up to 8-12 cm. depth.
The issuance of Ultrasonic You can damage the tissues treaties if they are not used properly, can cause burns strong and irritate the periosteum that is a particularly sensitive structure to the ultrasonic beam. The Ultrasonic are they used to treat fibrosis, tendinitis, bursitis and Traumatic inflammation localized muscle injuries?
We can use stimulators muscle to work specific muscle groups, so if they are partially denervated or preserving integrates its function have lost ability to contractile and force for various reasons.
There are different forms of wave that determine different currents with analgesic effect groups. We can distinguish between stimulating Russian currents, Traebert, faradic current, current flows or Interferential TENS (transcutaneus estimulation nerve stimulation) the most used today.
The mechanism of action varies depending on the parameters used: intensity, frequency and amplitude. We can act by stimulating the generation of endorphins at the level sitemico (up to 22% increase), either by the mechanism of Gate Control System. The current analgesic used in painful backs, contracturesmuscle or processes algicos of extremities.
There are different types of lasers from low-intensity?Low Energy Laser Therapy LELT? Depending on the diode that produces the polarization of the light beam.
Currently follows the controversy by depth which reached the beam and physiological effects in tissues; do the healing effect and analgesic of the laser to determine its main applications: healing of wounds, tendon repair?
List of diseases more common in physiotherapy and rehabilitation, canine and feline.
The pathologies most common musculoskeletal that can be treated with physiotherapy and rehabilitation in young patients, adults and elderly people are:
1. In spine:
Cauda equina syndrome
2- Former member:
Osteochondritis dissecans of the humerus
Peripheral neurological lesions
3- In hindlimb:
Head and femoral neck osteotomy
Reduction of hip luxation
Peripheral neurological lesions (sciatic)
Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee
Tendon and ligament injuries
Antoni Ramon BoixaderasAnimal physiotherapistTechnical Director of canine orthopedics?