Electrotherapy is one of the most used in physiotherapy techniques human, in the last 20 years has been introducing massively to the world of veterinary medicine.
In the beginning was used on racehorses, where care these animals is determined by the amount of money that generate the racing and breeding of these animals.
Due to the success of electrotherapy in the people and horses, began to be used to treat companion animals.
In the scientific literature we can find several names to designate types of electrotherapy:
It is Electrical stimulation
NMES Neuromuscular electrical stimulation
EMS Electrical muscle stimulation
FES Functional electrical stimulation
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
According to the aim we want to achieve, we must distinguish two types of electrotherapy, antalgic electrotherapy and electoterapia exitomotriz or electrostimulation.
Antalgic electrotherapy is used to combat pain in dogs,
electrotherapy is effective both in origin musculoskeletal problems and problems in internal medicine.
There are several types of common antiagicas but the most known and used in recent years is the current type TENS It is an acronym for Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.
There are different mechanisms of action of antalgic electrotherapy. Called conventional TENS blocks pain at the spinal cord level stimulation so that it reaches the central nervous system and process in higher education establishments. TENS endorphinic instead stimulates the secretion of endorphins, these are hormones that segregates the body of the dog Act by eliminating the pain similar to opioids drugs.
The electro-stimulation is based on the application of electric current indog muscles to stimulate the muscles and create muscle contractions. The intention of the elecroestimulacion is to generate electrical impulses that increase strength and muscle mass. Used in rehabilitation from injuries that have studied with muscular atrophy either disuse or due to problems of origin tramatico with muscular or neurological involvement.
Other possibilities of electrotherapy is the use of electric current as a diagnosis. It is a science with a very large but underused potential so far. Large veterinary hospital uses electromyography to evaluate alteracinones neurologicsas above all of the peripheral nervous system, its use and interpretation of the results are complicated, used by nailing needles connected to cables that made the times of electrodes; the technique is very invasive and nothing comfortable for the dog.
The serious alternative electromyography of susperficie, which has been extensively used in studies to determine the time and the strength with which certain contractwhen muscles in r & d are studied specific motor patterns. But its use as a clinical diagnostic tool is little used.
What if that is used routinely in physiotherapy human instead is the determination of paravola Intensidad-Tiempo to get the value Chronaxie. This value serves to evaluate objectively a muscle contractile ability and level of denervation. To be non-invasive and easy to apliacación can be used easily to evaluate the evolution of a peripheral nerve pathology in a clearly objective manner at the same time.
There are different electrotherapy equipment can be found in the market equipment of Domestic TENS, Electrostimulators also for domestic use and devices already somewhat more complete and professional for use in clinics, hospitals or rehabilitation centers.
The domestic teams have a preCIO very reasonable and enough good benefits, typically incorporate treatment programs simple to use with the default parameters.
The main directions of the antalgic electro-therapy they are:
Recovery of sport dogs
Joint aches by bruises
Themain indications of the electro-stimulation:
Muscular atrophy by disuse
Muscular atrophy of neurogenic origin
Atrophy by Herniated discs
Empowerment in sport dogs