Electro-stimulation for muscle strengthening

Electrostimulation is a very useful tool to boost the musculature of a dog who has suffered injury or surgical intervention and as a result has muscular atrophy.

We can use electric current to stimulate the muscles, promote it and make it work, it is indicated in cases of muscular atrophy especilamentet, and above all in cases in which the dog can do work active. If the dog can do active work electrotherapy is support, never the main source of employment.

Form of the momentum that we will use will be the Rectangular, biphasic symmetric main proponents as well State it: Thépaut Mathieu 1992, Kramer 1984, Bircan 2002

The electro-stimulation machines human can adapt to electroestimular dogs without too many problems, but we must make sure that we can vary the frequencies, and above all the amplitudes of the electric impulse to adapt well to the characteristics of the dog.
There are no good studies of Chronaxie in dogs, the approximate values are human 0.3, 0.2 horses and dogs by studies of least draught sense similar values;
Sawaya - Meallier2006, Brodart 1998, 1999 Coarasa, Ramon 2007


The intensity according to Hultaman 1983, and Ogino 2002 must be elevated with visible shrinkage, without reaching the limit of pain but discomfort if. The dog must support comfortably the session but the muscles must work intensely.



The frequency will mark it according to the objective, different authors validate this option: Pougheon 1992, Busko 1989, Vanderthommen 2002.

 

Objective

Frequency

Timpo treatment

Rest time

Relaxation:

5 Hz

Continuous

0

Warm up:

5 Hz

Continuous

0

?Do Endurance?:

10-20 Hz

9

2

Atrophy:

33 Hz

6

6

Strength:

50-100 Hz

5

25

Explosive force:

100-200 Hz

3

30



The parameters may vary slightly according to individual cases.
Standing time can be adjusted if this is active, the use of ramps is recommended before the strong muscular contraction.
The intensity should always be the highest with relative comfort.
Total time between 10 and 30 minutes depending on the stage of the lesion, fatiguing the muscles too does not help to strengthen the muscles correctly.

Is important to have a device that meets all the requirements, if this is going to be used by a canine rehabilitation center or veterinary hospital we recommend a table fixture more professional and with the may use specific programmes to each of our patients.

The use of rubber electrodes and contact gel It is also recommended in animals with hair.

 

Toni Ramon

Physiotherapist specializing in animals

Professor at the Universitat de Girona

Technical Director of canine orthopedics

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