The disease course with pain and often a puppy goes from running and jumping to not be able to stand up or walk short lengths.
The disease has a distinctly hereditary, therefore, although no cure, or tan even helps improve the symptoms is advisable to neuter or sterile animals so that they do not reproduce this character even by mistake!
Dogs with greater genetic predisposition are the San Bernardo, the Bull Dog and then the German Shepherd, Labrador, the Rottweiler, the mastiffs,the Golden Retriever and other large dogs.
Councils to ensure that the dog is fine, especially if it is one of the breeds most susceptible are revisions to veterinary at the 3, 6 and 10 or 12 months, keep the animal at a proper weight, exercise fiSico continued but not very intense and with high impact, care a diet balanced and adjusted to their age.
On an x-ray as the image already seen before the 12 months if the dog is affected or not of hip dysplasia. It is observed that the head of the femur does not fit the acetabulum as explained in the schema where we see the deformed femoral head and outside its natural place first image of the diagram represents a normal hip.
What happensexactly? What is the problem?
Fast growing dogs not given time to strengthen your joints and bones to bear the weight of his body, joints become deformed or not formed correctly and the acetabulum which is the part concave which should accommodate the head of the femur does not cover all of this.
"Gear" goes wrong, there is no good congruence between the acetabulum and femoral head, that produces instability, and articulate more tension than normal in the capsule. The capsule becomes inflamed and painful and the joint over time (due to its instability and lack of good congruence) degenerates and appears osteoarthritis. Always for the diagnosis is required an x-ray, as it sometimes does not give problems until it's too late
For that reason the problem can detected in adulthood, or even in geriatric age, when arthritis is already established and hip starts to hurt.Often it is too late to solve the problem and we must find palliative solutions: anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, Hip stands, rear harness, chondroprotectors o wheelchair in cases serious.
There are different degrees of Dysplasia of hip depending onthe degree of subluxation articulate presenting the hip joint.
In severe dysplasia over 50% of the femoral head is out of the acetabulum.
The treatment of the Dysplasia of hip in young dog You can you have good results in the long run and save us or delay surgery.
Physiotherapist and osteopath canine
Technical Director of www.ortopediacanina.com
Professor at the Universitat de Girona and collaborator of the master in equine physiotherapy from the UAB.